The Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA) was founded in 1911 as the Empire Parliamentary Association and was run in the United Kingdom.Originally, it comprised Australia, Canada, Newfoundland, New Zealand, South Africa and the United Kingdom.
It would later change name in 1948, a plan that saw the coming on board of most Commonwealth. It also has an independent, fully fledged secretariat based in London, financed by all member states.The CPA in 1989 created the constitutional posts of Patron and Vice-Patron.
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Head of the Commonwealth, consented to become Patron. The position of Vice-Patron is reserved for the Head of State or Government of the CPA Branch hosting the plenary conference.The Association currently has approximately 180 branches and is divided into nine regions – Africa, Asia; Australia, British Islands and Mediterranean, Canada, Caribbean, Americas and Atlantic, India, Pacific, and South-East Asia. The CPA Headquarters Secretariat is based in London.